Introduction. The 3x3 Magic Square is included because it is simple enough to understand readily and because it is used for making Magic Squares of Order 6. The method combines two techniques:
There is just one 3x3 magic square although rotations and reflections produce eight variations. The 3x3 square cannot be panmagic. It is included here so that visitors can find an example and because it is used to create the 6x6 magic square. A similar procedure is used to construct other squares of the order N = 4p +2, i.e., 6, 10, 14, etc.
The squares below indicate how two identical carpets (one rotated) produce the only possible 3x3. Because the underlying carpet is not PanMagic it is inevitable that the resulting Magic square is not going to be panmagic either. This is becasue one of the carpet diagonals has to consist of the numeral one repeated three times. As a result one of the broken diagonals has to be three zeros, and the other has to be three twos.
3 x 

+ 

= 

The associated pages show how such a simple square can be combined with a magic grid to make the members of the order 4p+2 magic squares.
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Updated Mar 6, 2010 